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Fellow Teddy Kott and Senior Researcher Akos Losz examine how and why the global liquefied natural gas (LNG) market has confounded expectations over the past three years. 

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Fellow Erica Downs examines the history of China’s small, independent "teapot" refining sector, which has had a significant impact on oil markets since Beijing’s decision in 2015 to allow these refineries to import crude oil through a system of import quotas and licenses. The unique study, which draws on both external and local sources, including Chinese-language media reports, explores the teapots' transformation over the past three years, their impact on domestic and international energy markets, and the outlook for their future.

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Senior Research Scholar Antoine Halff explores the outlook for marine bunkers and the impact of new environmental restrictions to come into effect January 2020 that aim to reduce sulfur oxide (SOx) emissions from ships.

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Senior Scholar Richard Nephew assesses the unintended consequences of sanctions and explores to what degree such consequences should be considered when formulating statecraft. Using the case of U.S. sanctions against Iran--which were first imposed in 1996 in the Iran-Libya Sanctions Act (ILSA) and followed up by the comprehensive embargo against Iran erected by President Clinton--Nephew examines whether these sanctions had a discernible, deleterious impact on Pakistan and its energy firms, as a result of a diminished Iranian natural gas sector.

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A working paper jointly published by the Center on Global Energy Policy, the Belfer Center at the Harvard Kennedy School and the Norwegian Institute of International Affairs explores geopolitical issues that could accompany the widespread deployment of renewable energy technologies.

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Jonathan Brewer and Richard Nephew identify key issues and obstacles faced by United Nations sanctions committees, panel members, and member states, and offer recommendations for how to solve some of these challenges, in light of the importance of sanctions as part of the UNSC policy-making process.

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Amir Azar assesses the general outlook for U.S. shale oil and gas in a higher-interest-rate environment by examining North American exploration and production (E&P) companies from a compiled financial perspective, with a focus on the impact of the collapse of oil prices to below $50 per barrel.

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Trevor Houser, Jason Bordoff and Peter Marsters offer an empirical diagnosis of the causes of the U.S. coal industry collapse over the last six years, assess the global coal market outlook, and examine the prospects for a recovery in coal production by modeling the impact of President Trump’s executive order to review or rescind Obama-era environment regulations.

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Fellow Tim Boersma and Steve Griffiths explore reforming electricity, water, and fuel subsidies in the United Arab Emirates in a report for the Oxford Institute of Energy Studies. The report is part of a larger Oxford Energy Forum issue focusing on MENA price reforms.

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Authors Tom Moerenhout, Nikos Vezanis, and Chris Westling analyze the political economy of energy pricing reforms in the Middle East and North Africa since the Arab Spring. This report investigates the conditions under which the governments of Tunisia, Morocco, Egypt, Jordan, Saudi Arabia, and Iran--each with very different political economies--were able to implement price increases. The report explains for each country why reform was necessary, how political coalitions affected reform planning and implementation, and how social contract dynamics affected the reforms.

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