Publications

The Center’s research agenda emphasizes an economic and geostrategic approach to key energy policy areas. Current research programs encompass a wide variety of specific studies and topics, focused both on U.S. policy and specific regions around the world. Below is a list of research reports and working papers authored by Center staff and Fellows, ordered by most recent publication date.

Report

Luisa Palacios

Venezuela is facing profound social and political crises, creating the circumstance of a potential catastrophe to come. Beyond the humanitarian concerns that exist, Venezuela has become a supply risk for oil markets, not only because of the multiple operational challenges it has recently faced but also due to the spiraling impact of the steep oil production declines already suffered this year. An important supplier of oil to the United States and China, Venezuela’s oil production declined by almost 230,000 barrels per day during the first six months of 2016. In this new report, author Luisa Palacios, a senior managing director at Medley Global Advisors, head of Latin America Macro and Energy Research and a Fellow at the Center on Global Energy Policy, explores the increasing risks posed by the troubles in this OPEC nation’s oil patch and the unprecedented economic, social and political crisis. The report notes that while the decline in production has yet to translate into a significant fall in oil exports, the most severe threats to the oil market from Venezuela are likely yet to come.

Report

Dr. Tatiana Mitrova

This paper aims to contribute to the literature on the Russia-China energy relationship by providing detailed evidence of activity in the post-sanctions period which we believe demonstrates that China in particular views the relationship in largely commercial terms, with clear political overtones. It provides a most comprehensive and up-to-date review of recent negotiations and transactions, as well as an assessment of the current state of the balance of bargaining power and cooperation between the two countries.

Report

Robert M. Hallman

The large-scale disruption of fuel supplies caused by Superstorm Sandy brought the vulnerabilities of the New York Tri-state fuel supply system into sharp relief. In the three and one-half years since the storm, concerns about extreme weather and overall energy security have only grown, leading policymakers at all levels, fuel suppliers to the region and related power providers to examine how this system can be strengthened against future risks. This report puts forward a series of recommendations to improve communications and overall situational awareness between the private and public sectors to facilitate effective response to fuel emergencies. The report concludes that the current voluntary system of information sharing is inadequate to the needs of the public sector and recommends creating mandatory requirements at various levels to address fuel crises.

Report

Center on Global Energy Policy

Fuel economy standards lie at the center of US efforts to reduce oil consumption and greenhouse-gas emissions. A new report published today by the Center on Global Energy Policy examines the effect low gasoline prices are having on this policy lever. Co-authored by Benjamin Leard, Joshua Linn, and Virginia McConnell of Resources for the Future, the report finds that, during the study period from June 2014 to August 2015, low fuel prices had only a modest effect on meeting the federally required level of fuel economy. If that finding continues beyond the study period, the authors conclude, then low fuel prices will not have a substantial effect on the average fuel economy of new light duty vehicles sales. However, the report cautions that low fuel prices may cause consumers to choose more powerful cars than if fuel prices were higher. Automakers would have to make up the difference if so, which raises the cost of complying with the regulations.

Report

Richard Nephew

One year ago, the United States and its partners concluded their negotiations with Iran on the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA), an agreement intended to reduce the threat from Iran's nuclear program in exchange for economic sanctions relief. Implementation of the agreement began in January 2016. Richard Nephew, program director for economic statecraft, sanctions and energy markets at the Center on Global Energy Policy, who was the lead sanctions negotiator for the United States from 2013-2014, has written a report on six months' implementation of the nuclear deal, particularly with respect to sanctions relief. He concludes that sanctions relief has been stalled as much by concerns over residual sanctions as domestic regulatory factors and low oil prices globally.

Commentary

Dr. Luay al-Khatteeb

Writing in the National Interest, Fellow Luay Al-Khatteeb writes about the folly of lobbying to carve up Iraq.

Report

Dr. Tatiana Mitrova

This study contains a number of scenario studies to assess the share of Russian natural gas in the European natural gas mix going forward. Scenarios were calculated using the NEXANT world gas model (WGM) integrated in ERIRAS modeling information complex SCANER. The calculations in the WGM are based on demand and potential production forecast in each gas producing and/or gas consuming country of the world up to 2040. The paper continues with a discussion of the (limitations of the) most often debated alternatives to Russian gas. The authors conclude that remarkable little changes in the European natural gas mix in the scenarios under study, and that absent very drastic policy interventions Russian natural gas will continue to play a prominent role in the EU.

Commentary

Jason Bordoff

Writing on CFR's Energy, Security, and Climate blog, Founding Director Jason Bordoff discusses why the United States should only use the Strategic Petroleum Reserve in infrequent circumstances to protect the U.S. economy from major supply disruptions around the world.

Commentary

David Sandalow

Clean energy leaders from around the world convene this week in San Francisco for the seventh Clean Energy Ministerial. In this commentary, Inaugural Fellow David Sandalow, who helped launch the Clean Energy Ministerial during his tenure at the U.S. Department of Energy, takes stock. What has the Clean Energy Ministerial accomplished in its first seven years? What should it do for the next seven years? Sandalow offers reflections and recommendations, concluding that the Clean Energy Ministerial is making a real difference but that it can - and must - do more in the years ahead.

Article

Center on Global Energy Policy

The United Nations Panel of Experts on Iran (the ‘Panel’) was established in 2010 pursuant to UN Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1929, with the mandate of monitoring the implementation of UN sanctions imposed on Iran. It fulfilled this role until 16 January 2016, when it was disbanded on the Implementation Day of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA).

On 22 April 2016, International Institute for Strategic Studies, in collaboration with the Center on Global Energy Policy at Columbia University, hosted a workshop designed for the former members of the Panel to share their experience. As the UN Secretariat takes on the task of monitoring the implementation of UNSCR 2231 (the new resolution endorsing the JCPOA and superseding all previous sanctions resolutions on Iran), it will face a number of challenges. Some of these challenges will be unique to the Secretariat’s new mandate but in many areas they will mirror issues faced by the Panel. We asked the Panel to comment on their experience while on the Panel.

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