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China has emerged as a truly global actor, impacting every region and every major issue area. Writing as part of the new Global China project at Brookings, Richard Nephew examines China's shift from being on the receiving end of sanctions to using sanctions itself.

Image of an industrial furnace
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Heavy industry produces roughly 22 percent of global CO₂ emissions. Of these, roughly 40 percent (about 10 percent of total emissions) is the direct consequence of combustion to produce high-quality heat, almost entirely from the combustion of fossil fuels.

Image of Belt and Road project in Pakistan
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CGEP Senior Research Scholar Dr. Erica Downs examines the environmental and debt sustainability of China’s Belt and Road Initiative through the lens of the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor (CPEC) power sector projects. 

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In his Guide to Chinese Climate Policy, David Sandalow examines China's emissions, explores the impacts of climate change in China, provides a short history of China's climate policies and discusses China’s principal climate policies today. This up-to-date Guide is an invaluable resource for anyone interested in China, climate change or both as China is the world’s leading emitter of heat-trapping gases by a wide margin. Read an introduction and explore the table of contents.

View of the Three Gorges Dam on the Yangtze River in China in misty ambiance
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Philippe Benoit explores the role of state-owned enterprises in climate change, examines the effectiveness of market-oriented solutions such as carbon taxes in changing SOE behavior, and evaluates some other potential strategies for reducing their emissions.

Photo of the Camp Fire wildfire
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John MacWilliams, Sarah La Monaca and James Kobus analyze the PG&E bankruptcy, assess how capital markets have reacted to the bankruptcy through the lens of valuations in the US utility sector, and discuss the policy implications of California’s recent legislative response to wildfire risk.

Coal Mining
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Adele Morris, Noah Kaufman and Siddhi Doshi examine the implications of a carbon-constrained future on coal-dependent local governments in the United States.

High voltage electricity Transmission Towers of National Grid passing through green mustard fields , Uttar Pradesh, India
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Rural Electricity Supply: Commodity or Entitlement is a summary of the work “Explaining Willingness to Pay for Pricing Reforms that Improve Electricity Service in India,” published by Dr. Johannes Urpelainen, Brian Blankenship and Jason Wong in Initiative for Sustainable Energy Policy in January 2019, as part of CGEP’s Faculty Grant Program.  

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This report reviews the 1982 Soviet Gas Pipeline episode, sets some lessons from it against the current US-European relationship and makes recommendations to modify current US sanctions practice in order to help manage partner concerns and avoid future crises. 

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Justin Gundlach, CGEP Non-Resident Fellow Ron Minsk and Research Scholar Dr. Noah Kaufman propose a framework to consider the interactions between a federal carbon tax and salient energy and emissions policies. The paper provides policymakers information about how they might want to add, subtract, or change existing policies by using the framework to classify existing policies are either complementary or redundant to a federal carbon tax.

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